On the fourth day of Zigurats Expedition – Turkey – The land of giants, Urandir and the research accumulation of the Portal Project goes to the temple of Aphrodisias popularly accepted as Aphrodite .
The Temple of Aphrodisias
Aphrodisias was a baby Greek city in Caria. Located near the village of Geyre in Turkey, about 230 km (140 miles) southeast of Izmir and about 100 km (62 miles) inside the continent.
Aphrodisias was called after Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of adulation, which has in abode a single angel, the Aphrodite of Aphrodisias. According to Byzantine encyclopedic compilation called the Suda, before being accepted as Aphrodisias, the city had three previous names: Lelégōn Polis ( Λελέγων πόλις , “City of Leleges ” ) , Megale Polis ( Μεγάλη Πόλις , ” Abundant City ” ) and Nino E ( Νινόη ).
The city of Aphrodisias was built near a marble quarry that was extensively exploited in the Hellenistic and Roman period, and the marble sculpture of Aphrodisias became famous in the Roman apple. Abounding examples of statuary accept been unearthed in Aphrodisias, and some representations of the Aphrodite of Aphrodisias again emerged in other parts of the Roman apple .
The Aphrodisias site is in an earthquake area and has suffered several damages at assorted times, especially in severe tremors of centuries IV and VII. An supplementary study is one of the 4th century earthquakes altered the baptize table, causing parts of the city stay prone to flooding. Evidence can be seen in emergency plumbing installed to combat this botheration .
Aphrodisias never fully recovered from the earthquake in the 7th century, and fell into disuse. Allotment of the city was covered by the ad hoc village of Geyre, some of the houses were removed in the 20th century to acknowledge the aged town. A advanced Geyre was built at a nearby location.
The monumental portico
The monumental gateway of Aphrodiasis, called tetrapylon leads the main north-south street of the city, in a ample courtyard in front of the temple or church of Aphrodite. It is estimated that the portal is built in AC 200 .
Bouleuterion of Aphrodiasis
The bouleuterion (council abode) or Odeon, is centered on the north side of the Agora. As it stands today, is composed of a semicircular auditorium led buttoned up a shallow stage structure approximately 46m wide. The lower allotment of the auditorium survives intact, with nine rows of seats, marble divided into five steps by radial wedges. The seat top, totaling an supplementary twelve rows, has collapsed at buttoned up with its supporting vaults . The aim is decidedly accessible, with abundant entrances at ground akin and several stairs to the top rows of seats. A system of massive analogue buttresses shows that the building was originally vaulted. The audience would accept been illuminated by a series of aerial and arched windows in the outer curved wall. An estimated capacity of 1,750 bodies would Odeon .
Soon after Urandir and researchers of the Portal Projetct Association followed Cotton Castle and the city of Hierapolis in Pamukkale which are (in Turkish means “Cotton Castle” ). Situated in the southwest region of Denizli in Turkey and 650km away from the chief Istanbul, it is a set of thermal pools calcareous that, over the centuries, accept formed ample bowls of turquoise baptize that falls down a hill rock as achromatic as snow . This phenomenon happens as these ardent springs which are springing up to 35 degrees heat the calcium carbonate and advance your stroke, and after it solidifies as marble .
Check out the photo gallery